Conflict

The price of freedomIn the confrontation between the forces of freedom and the forces of oppression in Southern Africa many people lost their lives.

Stop killing our people

Under the apartheid government many families lost their loved ones because of the heavy hand of the state against anti-apartheid persons.

State of Emergency

The purpose of the State of Emergency was to silence political activities throughout the country by deploying police into the townships.

Mannetjie, didn’t they tell you?

An End Conscription Campaign. The poster reads: Mannetjie, didn't they tell you? Cadets Maak Malletjies

Join uMkhonto We Sizwe

Women arise and act! Join uMkhonto We Sizwe. This poster was produced after an attack on an army base in Voortrekker Hoogte where the ANC used the Grad-P light portable rocket system for the first time.

Youth sentenced to death

Anthony Tsotsobe, Johannes Shabangu and David Moise were sentenced to death for their alleged involvement in sabotaging the Sasolberg oil refinery.

Umkhonto youth

The actions of Umkhonto involved skill, courage and selflessness. Many young patriots sacrificed their lives, others their liberty. Napthali Mnana, Johnson Lubisi and Petrus Mashigo were sentenced to death for their alleged involvement in an armed action against a police station in the Northern Transvaal. This sentence was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment after world-wide protest and appeals.

Aluta Continua

A MEDU poster about SA Military Aggression in Angola, Nambia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

aggression in the frontline states

The strength and popularity of the ANC frightened the Apartheid regime which increased its acts of aggression into the frontline states. On 30 January 1981 racist commandos invaded Mozambique and attacked three ANC residences near Maputo killing 12 ANC militants and mutilating some of the bodies. They were repelled leaving one dead and a helmet with a Nazi emblem

aggression in the frontline states

The strength and popularity of the ANC frightened the Apartheid regime, which increased its acts of aggression into the frontline states. On 30 January 1981 racist commandos invaded Mozambique and attacked three ANC residences near Maputo killing 12 ANC militants and mutilating some of the bodies. They were repelled leaving one dead and a helmet with a Nazi emblem

aggression in the frontline states

The strength and popularity of the ANC frightened the Apartheid regime which increased its acts of aggression into the frontline states. On 30 January 1981 racist commandos invaded Mozambique and attacked three ANC residences near Maputo killing 12 ANC militants and mutilating some of the bodies.

Sasolberg oil refinery

In June 1980 Umkhonto guerilla units struck a powerful blow at the regime's economy when they sabotaged the Sasolberg oil refinery causing millions of rands worth of damage.

Sasolberg oil refinery

In June 1980 Umkhonto guerilla units struck a powerful blow at the regime's economy when they sabotaged the Sasolberg oil refinery causing millions of rands worth of damage.

Attack against regime support

During 1981 there were more than 90 armed actions against the regime and its installations — police stations, railway lines, power plants, military bases and recruiting offices as well as the buildings of multinationals like British Leyland, coinciding with a strike at its South African subsidiary. The 'Indian Affairs' building in Durban was blasted on 3 November, the day before polling booths opened for the fraudulent South African Indian Council elections.

Umkhonto We Sizwe

Umkhonto We Sizwe was the armed wing of the African National Congress, which fought against the South African apartheid government. It launched its first guerrilla attacks against government on the 16 December 1961.

Steve Biko Memorial Meeting

A Memoral event for Steve Biko at Northwestern University. Steve Biko was a struggle hero who founded the Black Consciousness Movement and was later killed while in police custody.

Youth in Umkhonto we Sizwe

Youth like Solomon Mahlangu, joined the ranks of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the people's army. Mahlangu, who was captured and executed by the regime, became an international symbol of resistance to Apartheid. Mahlangu's mother, Martha, continued the struggle against Apartheid.

ANC call to action

On 16 December 1976 — the 15th anniversary of the foundation of Umkhonto we Sizwe — the ANC exhorted the youth to "join in even bigger numbers and train to become skilled freedom fighters".

Bophutatswana Bantustan admin buildings

Student protests led to the burning of several buildings including the administration buildings of the Bophutatswana Bantustan.

Barclays bank, Soweto

Student protests led to the burning of several buildings including the Barclays Bank in Soweto.

Student protests

Initially concerned with education, the student protests took on a broader political character creating new targets for their anger.